Complex and Holographic Embeddings of Knowledge Graphs: A Comparison


Embeddings of knowledge graphs have received significant attention due to their excellent performance for tasks like link prediction and entity resolution. In this short paper, we are providing a comparison of two state-of-the-art knowledge graph embeddings for which their equivalence has recently been established, i.e., ComplEx and HolE [Nickel, Rosasco, and Poggio, 2016; Trouillon et al., 2016; Hayashi and Shimbo, 2017]. First, we briefly review both models and discuss how their scoring functions are equivalent. We then analyze the discrepancy of results reported in the original articles, and show experimentally that they are likely due to the use of different loss functions. In further experiments, we evaluate the ability of both models to embed symmetric and antisymmetric patterns. Finally, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of both models and under which conditions one would be preferable to the other.

Seventh International Workshop on Statistical Relational AI